Children have delicate feet, so it is very important to make sure that they have footwear that is right for them. This is not an easy task, however, as children often put more emphasis on style over practicality. Furthermore, children’s feet can grow pretty quickly, which means that shoes that aren’t that old may not fit them anymore. Poorly fitted shoes can cause foot conditions like hammertoes, blisters, heel pain, and can make trips and falls more likely. To help prevent this, measure your children’s feet regularly to make sure they still fit in their shoes. There should about a thumb’s worth of space between the toes and the front of the shoe. Make sure there is room for their toes to move around freely, while the rest of the shoe should be snug to prevent shoes from slipping off. Finally, children’s shoes should be breathable and should offer some flexibility near the toes while remaining rigid near the heel; they should still be supportive and comfortable. A podiatrist can help to measure your children’s feet and help provide tips on what to look for in shoes.
Finding a properly-fitting shoe is important in reducing injuries and preventing foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
Proper Shoe Fitting
A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are some factors to consider when it comes to investing in proper fitting shoes:
- Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
- Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
- Even though they may look fashionable, improper fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
- Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity
Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, properly-fitting shoes are vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Proper Shoe Fitting
When there is excessive stress in the heel, new bone is formed to protect the heel against fractures. This is known as a heel spur and often feels like a bump in the heel. It typically begins as cartilage and then progresses into solid bone. They’re present in about half the population, although not everyone has pain. The most common cause of heel spurs is plantar fasciitis. If pain is experienced, it’s usually in the morning or after resting. Typically, after the first few steps, the pain will improve as the foot gets used to the movements. Certain exercises may also help relieve the pain. Placing the affected foot on a tennis ball while rolling it around may be beneficial in relaxing the muscles. Additionally, bending the knees while moving up and down may provide additional relief.
Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor will do everything possible to treat your condition.
Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.
Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main conditions spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.
The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.
There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.
If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.Read more about Heel Spurs
Foot blisters can be a difficult thing to prevent and can cause a lot of discomfort. Traditional methods and tools of prevention include multiple layers of socks, foot powder, and pads. While some have had success with these methods, there is still a risk for developing blisters. Recently, a study conducted by Grant Lipman, M.D. and Stanford University Medical Center found an effective prevention method. A simple application of paper tape can dramatically reduce the likelihood of developing blisters. Each applicant had tape applied to suspected hot spots on one foot while the other foot was left untaped. Out of the 128 runners who were tested in the 155 mile, multi-stage event, 98 of them developed no blisters on the taped foot. On the other hand, 81 developed blisters on untaped areas. For those who want to try taping for their next athletic or recreational activity, paper tape is very cheap with rolls costing only around a dollar on average.
Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim of Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.
What are Foot Blisters?
A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.
How do Blisters Form?
Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.
Prevention & Treatment
It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Blisters on the Feet
An ankle sprain can occur anywhere, but engaging in most physical activities can increase the likelihood of this injury. While sprains can never be entirely avoided, there are steps you can take to reduce the likelihood of a sprain while hiking or exercising. Strengthening the muscles in the foot and legs with exercises like calf raises, foot flexion, and eversion/inversion exercises will all help to strengthen the foot and ankle. For hikers, reducing overall gear weight, utilizing trekking poles, being aware of your footing, and wearing proper footwear can help reduce the likelihood of a sprain. If you do sprain your ankle, stop exercising and utilize the RICE method of resting, icing, compressing, and elevating to help reduce pain and swelling. Icing a sprained ankle has recently come under fire by some doctors for being ineffective, so take caution; anti-inflammatory medication may be better. Above all, be sure to get checked out by a podiatrist as a foot injury may be serious or even be a sign of something worse.
Ankle sprains are common, but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.
What are the Symptoms?
- Mild to moderate bruising
- Limited mobility
- Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)
Preventing a Sprain
- Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
- Stretching before exercises and sports
- Knowing your limits
Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity. Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.
If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Ankle Sprains
Gout, a form of arthritis, can be a painful condition to live with. Gout attacks are triggered by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints. There are ways to help mitigate gout symptoms, however. High levels of purines, an organic compound that is in many of the foods we eat, in the body can increase the likelihood of having a gout attack. Decreasing the amount of red meat you eat and the amount of alcohol you drink can both help decrease the likelihood of an attack. Drinking more water, eating foods with low levels of purines, and staying active can all help decrease the chances of a gout attack and will also improve your overall health. If you are experiencing pain in your foot from gout, it is recommended to see a podiatrist who can help provide treatment options and tips on how to manage your gout.
What is Gout?
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.
People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.
Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
Working out and building strength is a good way to help prevent running injuries. Here are a couple of workouts you can try to help build muscle in your feet and legs. Do each of these exercises for and 4 to 5 sets of 15 to 25 repetitions . Before you do these however, it is recommended you see a podiatrist first and ask if exercising is right for you. To do a toe-curl walk, stand barefoot and move forward with your right leg using only your toes, then do the same for the left foot; you will only move an inch or so while doing this. Heel raises are easy to do. Just stand up on your toes while keeping your heels off the ground for about 1 second and then come down. Chair squats are a good way to work your quadriceps. Place a non-rolling chair behind you, and squat down over it so that your butt only briefly touches the chair. Then come up. Finally, to workout your gluteus muscles, lay on your stomach and bend your knee at a 90 degree angle. Slowly raise your thigh off the ground for a couple of seconds, then bring down your thigh and repeat with the other leg. These exercises are quick and easy to do and will build strength that will further help prevent running injuries.
Exercising your feet regularly with the proper foot wear is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim of Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
How to Prevent Running Injuries
Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.
What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.
Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber; this will help you gain better flexibility.
Sophomore Rawle Alkins of the University of Arizona Wildcats is expected to miss 8 to 12 weeks due to surgery on a recent fracture in his right foot. Alkins sustained the injury during voluntary activities with teammates. The surgery was reported to be a success, and Alkins is now recovering. Alkins was the third leading scorer on the Wildcats one season ago, and his absence will be missed.
When Is Surgery Necessary?
Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:
- Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
- Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
- Cosmetic reconstruction
What Types of Surgery Are There?
The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:
- Bunionectomy for painful bunions
- Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
- Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage
Benefits of Surgery
Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.
Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.
There are a great number of common foot ailments that can affect anyone. Here’s a small rundown on each and what to do about them. Plantar fasciitis, a common form of heel pain, is caused by the inflammation of the plantar fascia and generally occurs from overuse. Rest and wearing good footwear can help the pain go away, however, it is best to see a podiatrist for treatment. Flat feet are often treated by a podiatrist who can offer the best forms of appropriate treatment such as custom-made orthotics. Heel spurs are calcium deposits that form beneath the heel bones, potentially causing severe pain. Anti-inflammatory medications, exercise, and orthotics can help treat heel spurs; however, surgery may be necessary in some cases. Calluses, or thick patches of skin caused by friction, can be taken care of by eliminating sources of friction against the foot and moisturizing. For athletes and runners, spraining and straining the foot are always a possibility. Icing the foot, rest, and seeing a podiatrist are the best methods of treatment. Bunions are bony protrusions at the base of the big toe and can be exacerbated by poor footwear, such as heels. Once again, seeing a podiatrist is the best way to get treatment. Finally, ingrown toenails are a common condition and can be prevented by cutting your nails straight across and wearing shoes that give the toes ample space to move.
Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Everyday Foot Care
Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.
It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.
Bunions, if left untreated, can start to throb and become very painful. Does this mean that you should have surgery to treat your bunions before they start hurting? Not necessarily; there are plenty of nonsurgical options available to treat bunions and the associated pain. It is best to see a podiatrist first, however, as they can discuss the options available to you. Common conservative options include trying new pairs of shoes that offer more room and keep pressure off the bunion. Bunions pads are another readily available option that also help ease pressure on the bunion. Anti-inflammatory medication can provide temporary relief from pain and inflammation, and cortisone shots can help with that too. If conservative measures such as these do not ease pain, then surgery may be recommended by a podiatrist.
What is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Bunions
Plantar fasciitis, one of the most common causes of heel pain, is a condition that many people suffer from. Among those who do are runners and athletes, those who are overweight, and people who have to stand for extended periods of time. While not life-threatening, it can cause substantial pain and discomfort to those who experience it. Thankfully, there are some things that you can do to help alleviate the pain. First, rest your feet and avoid overexerting them in any strenuous activities that may have led to the heel pain. Second, ice your feet and use anti-inflammatory medications prescribed or recommended by a podiatrist. Some podiatrists may suggest some form of relatively light physical therapy to strengthen the feet, however this is not always recommended. Maintaining a healthy weight can also reduce the stress on the feet that could have led to heel pain. Finally, be sure to wear comfortable shoes that have good cushioning and support.
Causes of Heel Pain
Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.
Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.
Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.
Why Might Heel Pain Occur?
- Wearing ill-fitting shoes
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
- Weight change
- Excessive running
Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.
If you have any questions please contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Heel Pain
When it comes to choosing children’s footwear, children often favor style over comfort. This can cause a number of foot issues; children’s feet are still developing, and poorly fitted footwear can stymie growth. It is recommended to wear fitted shoes that not only offer some flexibility, but provide support and cushioning as well. The toes should have enough space to move around, and the foot shouldn’t be cramped. Too much space, however, is also bad and can lead to injury. Parents should keep an eye on their children’s feet; if they complain about foot pain, it may be wise to take them to a podiatrist. Fashion and style have their place in choosing footwear, but it shouldn’t be at the cost of healthy feet.
Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim of Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Keeping Children's Feet Healthy
Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...
Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.
Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.
Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.
As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’.
As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.
Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.
Be watchful for any pain or injury.
Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.
Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.