Corns are areas of hardened skin that typically appear on the foot. They are made out of keratin, which is a protein that is found in the outermost layer of the skin that develops as a result of pressure or friction. Although corns are unsightly, they aren’t a serious medical condition unless they become infected. People who have diabetes should be especially careful about developing corns because they are more prone to developing infections. Common causes of corns are poorly fitting footwear, prominent bones, or improperly healed fractures. However, the single most common cause of this ailment is wearing shoes that are too tight for your feet. Corns can be easily prevented if you change your footwear and minimize rubbing. It is important to avoid wearing high heeled shoes because they can squish the toes together into an unnatural position.
Corns can make walking very painful and should be treated immediately. If you have questions regarding your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim of Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
Corns: What Are They? And How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns are thickened areas on the skin that can become painful. They are caused by excessive pressure and friction on the skin. Corns press into the deeper layers of the skin and are usually round in shape.
Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as:
- Wearing properly fitting shoes that have been measured by a professional
- Wearing shoes that are not sharply pointed or have high heels
- Wearing only shoes that offer support
Although most corns slowly disappear when the friction or pressure stops, this isn’t always the case. Consult with your podiatrist to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Understanding Corns and Calluses
If you plan to be barefoot in public, you should make sure they look as healthy as possible. One of the best ways to achieve this is to exfoliate your feet to make them smooth and beautiful. Many people opt to do this by investing in a pumice stone to remove dead skin on their feet. The next thing you should do is ensure your feet are hydrated by applying a foot cream. If you want to have your feet professionally maintained, pedicures are a great way to do so. Salons are the ideal place to get your feet maintained in the summer, because nail professionals have the proper tools and skills to take care of your feet. If you want a natural nail color but still want your nails painted, you can try a light, flesh colored nail polish followed by a "mattifying" top coat. The result will give you natural looking nails that don’t appear to be painted. For any questions regarding foot care and maintenance, you shouldn't hesitate to contact your podiatrist.
Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Everyday Foot Care
Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.
It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Everyday Foot Care
Pain is typically felt on the foot near the pinky toe if you are afflicted with cuboid syndrome. Additional symptoms that can be experienced may include the area appearing red, difficulty in walking due to a lack of mobility, or possible swelling. One of the most common causes of cuboid syndrome developing may be due to ankle sprains. This type of injury may put excessive pressure on the ligaments and ankle bones, possibly resulting in the cuboid bone dislocating and moving outward. If you are afflicted with this condition, you may find moderate relief in elevating your foot, which may aid in reducing swelling. It’s suggested to schedule a consultation with a podiatrist for additional information and treatment recommendations.
Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.
The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:
- Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
- Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
- Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.
A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.
Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.
Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
Read more about Cuboid Syndrome
There are many causes for ingrown toenails. Tight-fitting shoes, sweaty feet, and the shape of your nails are all factors that may determine whether or not you develop this painful ailment. Poorly cut toenails can cause you to develop an ingrown toenail; if you want to avoid this, you should practice cutting your nails properly. It is advised that you trim your nails straight across so that the edges cannot dig into the surrounding skin. Another way to help prevent ingrown toenails is to keep your feet clean and wear shoes and socks that provide enough space for your feet to move. A helpful way to move your skin away from the nail is to soften it with olive oil, and then use a cotton bud to shift it away. If you are struggling with pain from an ingrown toenail, you should visit your podiatrist right away.
Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim of Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.
- Improper toenail trimming
- Improper shoe fitting
- Injury from pedicures or nail picking
- Abnormal gait
- Poor hygiene
You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.
Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.
Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Ingrown Toenails
For those individuals who decide to pursue a career in podiatry, they are most likely aware of the many advantages this field may offer. Recent research has shown that state of the art technology is frequently used to perform precise procedures. This has become necessary in properly responding to the high demand of patients who have specific foot conditions. An additional advantage of choosing this profession may be the flexible work hours, which may be beneficial if a podiatrist decides to become self-employed. Certain disadvantages that exist may include working with feet that have an unpleasant odor. Additionally, many new graduates realize that aggressive networking is recommended to ensure a steady influx of patients. It is suggested to speak with a podiatrist if you are considering pursuing a career in podiatry.
If you are experiencing pain in the feet or ankles, don’t join the stubborn majority refusing treatment. Feel free to contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is a Podiatrist?
Someone would seek the care of a podiatrist if they have suffered a foot injury or have common foot ailments such as heal spurs, bunions, arch problems, deformities, ingrown toenails, corns, foot and ankle problems, etc.
A podiatrist will treat the problematic areas of the feet, ankle or lower leg by prescribing the following:
- Physical therapy
- Orthotic inserts or soles
- Surgery on lower extremity fractures
A common podiatric procedure a podiatrist will use is a scanner or force plate which will allow the podiatrist to know the designs of orthotics. Patients are then told to follow a series of tasks to complete the treatment. The computer will scan the foot a see which areas show weight distribution and pressure points. The podiatrist will read the analysis and then determine which treatment plans are available.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about What is a Podiatrist?
There are a few symptoms that patients may experience that are indicative of a condition referred to as gout. These may include redness and tenderness in addition to swollen joints under the big toe which is often accompanied by severe pain. This occurs as a result of the build up of crystals in the blood, which may form in and around the joints of the foot. This form of arthritis may often make people feel disabled, and simple tasks such as walking up the stairs may prove to be impossible. The causes of gout may include ingesting red meats and shellfish, overindulgence in alcohol, and taking certain medications that may be responsible for the onset of this condition. Research has shown there may be a strong connection between obesity, high blood pressure, diabetics and gout attacks. If you are afflicted with this ailment, please consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to determine what the best treatment options are.
What is Gout?
Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.
- Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
- Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
- Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
- Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility
- Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
- Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
- Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
- Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
- Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
- Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout
Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Roselle, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
The skin condition referred to as cracked heels may be a result of several different causes. If the shoes that are worn do not have adequate padding in the heel area, the skin on the heels may become dry and form fissures, which are deep cracks in the skin. Some people develop this condition because of their style of walking, and possibly from standing for extended periods of time. Additionally, specific skin conditions may be a contributing factor and these may include psoriasis or eczema, which typically causes the skin to become dry. Wearing sandals without a back may often cause the formation of cracked heels, and this condition may cause discomfort and pain. If you are afflicted with this ailment, it may be beneficial to wash and dry the feet thoroughly followed by utilizing a good moisturizer. For more severe cases, it’s suggested to speak with a podiatrist for correct treatment options.
If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.
Ways to Help Heal Them
- Invest in a good foot cream
- Try Using Petroleum Jelly
- Ease up on Soaps
- Drink Plenty of Water
Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels
- Moisturize After Showering
- Skip a Shower
- Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
- Don’t Scrub Your Feet
If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need.
A condition known as hyperhidrosis is commonly referred to as sweaty feet. This condition can be embarrassing and can produce foot ailments such as athlete's foot and other infections. This is particularly true of diabetic patients where excessive moisture can contribute to cuts in the skin, which may possibly lead to serious foot infections. There are several reasons why some people may experience sweaty feet more than others, including emotional stress, nerve damage, obesity, and wearing improper footwear. Certain medications may contribute to the onset of this ailment, in addition to having an overactive thyroid or a heart valve disorder. If you suffer from hyperhidrosis of the feet, it’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist to discuss the best possible treatment options for you.
Hyperhidrosis of the Feet
Hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder that can cause people to have excessive sweating of their feet. This can usually occur all on its own without rigorous activity involved. People who suffer from hyperhidrosis may also experience sweaty palms.
Although it is said that sweating is a healthy process meant to cool down the body temperature and to maintain a proper internal temperature, hyperhidrosis may prove to be a huge hindrance on a person’s everyday life.
Plantar hyperhidrosis is considered to be the main form of hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis can refer to sweating that occurs in areas other than the feet or hands and armpits. Often this may be a sign of it being related to another medical condition such as menopause, hyperthyroidism and even Parkinson’s disease.
In order to alleviate this condition, it is important to see your doctor so that they may prescribe the necessary medications so that you can begin to live a normal life again. If this is left untreated, it is said that it will persist throughout an individual’s life.
A last resort approach would be surgery, but it is best to speak with your doctor to find out what may be the best treatment for you.
There are several causes of poor circulation that may exist in the feet, including nervous system disorders, specific thyroid conditions, or exposure to extreme cold, such as frostbite. Diabetic patients may develop poor circulation as a result of narrow arteries that may restrict adequate blood flow to the feet. There may be noticeable symptoms associated with poor circulation, including a loss of feeling in the feet, a tingling sensation which may often be described as pins and needles, or a change in skin color. A condition referred to as Raynaud’s disease generally causes the blood vessels to become narrow, which is typically the result of nerve sensitivity to cold temperatures. It’s suggested to speak with a podiatrist if your are experiencing symptoms that may be indicative of poor circulation.
While poor circulation itself isn’t a condition; it is a symptom of another underlying health condition you may have. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim of Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
Poor Circulation in the Feet
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) can potentially lead to poor circulation in the lower extremities. PAD is a condition that causes the blood vessels and arteries to narrow. In a linked condition called atherosclerosis, the arteries stiffen up due to a buildup of plaque in the arteries and blood vessels. These two conditions can cause a decrease in the amount of blood that flows to your extremities, therefore resulting in pain.
Some of the most common symptoms of poor circulation are:
- Throbbing or stinging pain in limbs
- Muscle Cramps
Treatment for poor circulation often depends on the underlying condition that causes it. Methods for treatment may include insulin for diabetes, special exercise programs, surgery for varicose veins, or compression socks for swollen legs.
As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication.
A condition referred to as plantar fasciitis typically affects people who stand for the majority of the day. People who enjoy jogging and hiking may also be affected as it is often the result of a repetitive strain injury. This ailment may become noticeable when the pain is felt in the arch and heel of the foot, and is often worse in the morning. For mild cases, relief may be found by wearing shoe inserts and stretching the foot frequently. This condition may become worse if not treated properly, and daily activities may become hindered as a result of chronic plantar fasciitis. Recent research has shown the importance of consulting with a podiatrist for proper treatment options which may include custom arch supports, shock wave therapy or possible surgery.
Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
- Excessive running
- Non-supportive shoes
- Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia
How Can It Be Treated?
- Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
- Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
- Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel
While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.
A broken foot is a painful and common foot condition to contend with. There are 26 bones in the foot, and the feet can generally withstand a considerable amount of pressure. A broken foot is typically the result of a fall, and you may notice immediate bruising and swelling. Symptoms from a severe break may include a portion of the bone extending through the skin or an open wound beginning to form that surrounds the affected area. If you are unable to walk on the foot or experience extreme tenderness, it’s advised that you seek immediate medical attention. Research has shown that it’s important to rest the foot by not walking on it, in addition to elevating the foot which may diminish the swelling. A diagnosis is determined, which often consists of having an X-ray performed and is typically the first step in the proper treatment of a broken foot. A cast is generally used to keep the foot stable while the healing process begins, and can last up to 6 weeks. A consultation with a podiatrist is recommended for a complete evaluation of your broken foot.
A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Yeon A. Shim from Roselle Podiatry Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury.
Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:
- Blue in color
Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.
Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.